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Version: v0.7

Koordlet

Summary

Koordlet is a DaemonSet deployed in Kubernetes node, which is used for co-location resource overcommitment, interference detection, QoS guarantee, etc. It is composed of several modules which are responsible for information collection, data profiling and QoS management independent. Some modules also provides a framework scaffold, which provides a set of plugin for extension (such as the "QoS Manager"), so that new strategies can be easily added.

Architecture

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Modules

Metrics Advisor

Metric Advisor provides the basic information of resource usage and performance characteristic of node, pods and containers. It is an independent module that collects, processes and exports resource profile periodically. It also detects the interference of running containers such as CPU scheduling, memory allocation latency and Pressure Stall Information(PSI). The information will be widely used for resource overcommitment and QoS guaranteed plugins.

Storage

Storage manages the information from Metrics Advisor and States Informer, providing APIs for CURD and GC outdated data periodically. There are two types of data: static and time-series. Time-series type keeps historical data for statistics purpose, such as CPU and memory usage. Static type includes the of status information node, pod and container, such as CPU info of node, metadata of pod.

States Informer

States Informer syncs node and pod status from kube-apiserver and kubelet, and saves data into Storage as static type. This module should remain relatively stable over developing iterations compared with others.

QoS Manager

QoS Manager coordinates a set of plugins which are responsible for SLO guarantee by priority, mitigating interference among pods. Plugins dynamically tunes the "knobs" of resource parameters on different scenarios, according to resource profiling, interference detection results and SLO configuration. For each plugin, it always produces execution plans for "knobs" tuning. QoS Manager also act as an arbitrator among multiple execution plans, consolidating the duplicates and resolving the conflicts.

QoS Manager could be the most frequently iterated module, with new plugins extended, strategies algorithm updated and policy execution ways added. A new plugin should implement the interface which contains a series of standard APIs, so that the "core" can be kept simple and maintainable. Advanced plugins such as those for interference detection purpose will get more complex as time goes by, which might becomes an independent module after the incubation has been already stabled in QoS Manager.

Metrics Reporter

Metrics Reporter reads historical metric and state data from Storage, then merges and sends them to apiserver, which will be consumed by Koordinator Manager for resource overcommitment model management. Metrics Reporter also supports multiple processing algorithms for different co-location scenarios.

Runtime Hooks

Runtime Hooks act as the back-end server of Runtime Hook Manager. Runtime Hook Manager is a CRI Proxy, which intercepting the CRI request, calling back-end server to inject policies, such as setting resource isolation parameters by pod priorities, applying resource allocation policies. Runtime Hooks provide a framework to maintain different kinds of policies, and provides flexible extension points during the lifecycle of containers.

e.g. LLC Isolation Injections during Pod Lifecycle

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